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Effects of extensive bottom cultivation of tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri on benthic invertebrate community structure in Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand

  • Published: 22 December 2017

Effects of extensive bottom cultivation of tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri on benthic invertebrate community structure in Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand

Aquaculture International

volume 26pages 433–449 (2018)

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Abstract

The diversity, distribution, and species richness of benthic invertebrates were examined under extensive bottom cultivation of the tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri during the summer of 2015 at Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand. Oyster farms that had been operating for 25 years were selected for the study, and four sampling sites were allocated along each transect as (i) at the center of the farm, (ii) inside the farm, (iii) at the farm boundary, and (iv) a reference site. Results indicated that a total of 23 families and 28 species of benthic invertebrate taxa were recorded from the four sampling sites, and the macrobenthic invertebrates inhabiting all study sites consisted mainly of gastropods (11 species), polychaetes (11 species), and bivalves (8 species). No significant differences in total density, diversity index, evenness index, and species richness index of benthic invertebrates were found among each sampling site (P > 0.05). Significant differences in total nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, total ammonia, sulfide, total phosphorus, organic matter, and grain sizes of sediment were found among each sampling site, but no significant differences in pH and total nitrogen were found. Among the independent variables analyzed, correlation analysis showed relationships between benthic diversity indices and abiotic variables. There were no clear patterns of differences in the detrimental environmental effects between sampling site locations, which indicated a minimal ecological impact of oyster cultivation.

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Acknowledgments

This study was financial supported by the Prince of Songkla University, funding code: SIT580610S. The authors would like to express our sincere thanks to Miss. Angkhana Krubwun, Miss. Sudarat Boonruangkaw, Miss. Tichaporn Limanuluk, Miss. Phatcharee Roekngandee, Mr. Amree Umma, and Mr. Pummarate Deklee for their efforts and assistance during field and laboratory studies. We also acknowledge the kind support of this research from the Faculty of Science and Technological Industry, Prince of Songkla University, and the Aquatic Resources Research Institute, Chulalongkorn University.

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Sirusa Kritsanapuntu

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Cite this article

Kritsanapuntu, S., Chaitanawisuti, N. Effects of extensive bottom cultivation of tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri on benthic invertebrate community structure in Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand. Aquacult Int 26, 433–449 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-017-0227-x

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  • Received: 03 June 2017

  • Accepted: 04 December 2017

  • Published: 22 December 2017

  • Issue Date: April 2018

  • DOI:

    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-017-0227-x

Keywords

  • Crassostrea belcheri
  • Oyster
  • Bottom cultivation
  • Benthic invertebrates
  • Diversity
  • Richness

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