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Conditional Sentences Type I, II und III (Conditional Sentences, If-Clauses)

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

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Conditional Sentence Type 1

→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if +

Simple Present

,

will-Future

Example: If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.

more on Conditional Sentences Type I

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Conditional Sentence Type 2

→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if +

Simple Past

,

Conditional I

(= would + Infinitive)

Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.

more on Conditional Sentences Type II

Conditional Sentence Type 3

→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Form: if +

Past Perfect

,

Conditional II

(= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

more on Conditional Sentences Type III

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Exceptions

Sometimes Conditional Sentences Type I, II and III can also be used with other tenses.

more on Conditional Sentences used with other tenses

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Exercises on Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentence Type 1

Conditional Sentence Type 2

Conditional Sentence Type 3

Mixed Exercises on Conditional Sentences

Exceptions

Tests on Conditional Sentences

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