Kiến thức

Intermediate grammar exercise: will vs. ‘going to’ future (2) – Speakspeak

Bạn đang xem: Intermediate grammar exercise: will vs. ‘going to’ future (2) – Speakspeak

Intermediate grammar exercise: will vs. ‘going to’ future (2)

In this exercise you will practise the difference between the future simple (will) and the ‘going to’ future.

Exercise instructions

Choose the correct answer for each of the following:

questions go herescoregoes here

Structure of future simple
positive negative question
I will (I’ll) be there tomorrow. I won’t (will not) be there. Will you be there tomorrow?
you will, he will, she will, it will, we will, they will you will not, he will not, she will not, it will not, we will not, they will not will you?, will he?, will she?, will it?, will we?, will they?
Structure of ‘going to’ future
positive negative question
I’m (I am) going to take my holidays in August. I’m (I am) not going to take a holiday this year. Are you going to take a holiday?
He’s (he is) going to watch TV this evening. He isn’t (is not) going to watch TV this evening. Is he going to watch TV this evening?
Future simple – common mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
The phone’s ringing.
~ OK, I’m going to answer it.
Ok – I’ll answer it. If the action is decided at the moment of speaking, we mostly use will.
I’m sure he is going to help you. I’m sure he will help you. When we say what we think or expect, we use will.
I won’t probably be there. I probably won’t be there.
I’ll probably be there.
The adverbs definitely and probably come before won’t, but after will.
I promise I’m going to help. I promise I’ll help. After promise we usually use will, not the ‘going to’ future.
I’ll call you when I’ll get to my office. I’ll call you when I get to my office. When we refer to the future in adverbial clauses, we normally use the present simple (after when, as soon as and until).
If you will give me your address, I’ll send you a postcard. If you give me your address, I’ll send you a postcard. When we refer to the future in conditional clauses, we usually use the

present simple

.

I can’t see you next week – I will return to Paris. I can’t see you next week – I am returning / am going to return to Paris. For decisions made in the past and for things we have arranged, we use the

present continuous

or the

‘going to’ future

.

‘Going to’ for the future – common mistakes
Common mistakes Correct version Why?
You know that I’ll buy a new car, don’t you? You know that I‘m going to buy a new car, don’t you? We use going to for a future action that has been decided before the time of speaking.
Look! You’ll drop your books. Look! You‘re going to drop your books. We use going to if we see (and are sure) that the action will happen.

Chuyên mục: Kiến thức

Related Articles

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

Check Also
Close
Back to top button