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Both / both of / neither / neither of / either / either-English

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> English test #4826: Both / both of / neither / neither of / either / either

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Agreement/Disagreement:Both, so do I, neither do I

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Both and its use

Either…or/ Neither…nor/ Not … either.

Subject/verb inversions

Both/ both of

Too-Also-As well-Either-Not either

Yes/ No/ So do I/ Neither do I: Short answers.

Making a choice: Either…or/ Neither …nor…

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Both / both of / neither / neither of / either / either

‘ Both / both of  /   neither / neither of /   either / either of ‘

 

 

A/ We use both/ neither/ either for two things. You can use these words with a noun (both books, neither book etc.).

For example, you are talking about going out to eat this evening. There are two restaurants where you can go. You say:

Both restaurants are very good, (not ‘the both restaurants’)

Neither restaurant is expensive.

We can go to either restaurant. I don’t mind, (either = one or the other, it doesn’t matter which one)

 

B/ Both of… / neither of… / either of

 

When you use both/ neither/ either + of, you always need the… / these/ those… / my/ your/ his/

Tom’s… (etc.). You cannot say ‘both of restaurants’. You have to say ‘both of the restaurants’, ‘both of those restaurants’ etc.:

 

Both of these restaurants are very good.

Neither of the restaurants we went to was (or were) expensive.

I haven’t been to either of those restaurants. (= I haven’t been to one or the other) You don’t need of after both. So you can say:

Both my parents are from London,    or    Both of my parents…

 

You can use both of / neither of / either of + us/you/them:

(talking to two people) Can either of you speak Spanish?

I asked two people the way to the station but neither of them knew.

 

You must say ‘both of before us/ you/ them (of is necessary):

Both of us were very tired, (not ‘Both us were…’)

 

After neither of… a singular or a plural verb is possible:

Neither of the children wants (or want) to go to bed.

 

C/ You can also use both/ neither/ either alone:

I couldn’t decide which of the two shirts to buy. I liked both, (or I liked both of them.)

‘Is your friend British or American?’  Neither. She’s Australian.’

‘Do you want tea or coffee?’ ‘Either. I don’t mind.’

 

D/ You can say:

 

Both… and              Both Ann and Tom were late.

    I was both tired and hungry when I arrived home.

 

Neither… nor           Neither Liz nor Robin came to the party.

   She said she would contact me but she neither wrote nor phoned.

 

Either… or…:                I’m not sure where he’s from. He’s either Spanish or Italian.

  Either you apologise or I’ll never speak to you again.

 


Complete the sentences with both/ neither/ either/ both of/ neither of/ either of.

 

 

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1. ‘Do you want tea or coffee? ‘ bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know, I really dont mind.’

2. ‘What day is it today – the 18th or the 19th?’ bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know, Its the 20th,’

3. ‘There are two sandwiches here; which one shall I take? / ‘Oh, take bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know: the sandwich with ham or the sandwich with cheese.’

4. I asked two people the way to the station but bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know them could help me.

5. ‘When shall I phone you, morning or afternoon?’ bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know, Ill be in all day.’

6. ‘Wheres Kate? Is she at work or at home?’ bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know, she’s away on holiday.’

7. To get to the town centre you can go along the footpath by the river or you can go along the road. You can go bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know way.

8. I tried to call George twice but bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know times he was out.

9. bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know Tom’s parents is English. His father is Polish and his mother is Italian.

10. I was invited to two parties last week but I didn’t go to bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know them

11. Sarah and I play tennis together regularly but bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know us can play very well.

12. I tried two bookshops for the book I wanted but bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know them had it.

13. There were two windows in the room. It was very warm, so I opened bothboth ofeithereither ofneitherneither ofI don’t know them


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Agreement/Disagreement:Both, so do I, neither do I

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