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The Future Tense With ‘Will’ and ‘Going to’

Expressing the Future With ‘Will’ and ‘Going to’

ThoughtCo. 

The future in English can be rather confusing. There are two future forms used in most conversations: the future with “will” and the future with “going to.” The main difference between the two forms is that “going to” is used for plans and intentions made before the moment of speaking, and the “will” to speak about the future at the moment of speaking. Study these basic forms and then use the referenced resources to practice these forms. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with

how to teach future forms

, as well as the lesson plans suggested below.

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The Future With Will

There are two basic future tenses used to describe things that happen in the future. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future

tenses

page. The first future tense is the future with “will.” Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises.

Examples:

  • I think I’ll go to that party next week.
  • The economy will get better soon.
  • Yes, I will marry you.

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Future With ‘Will’ Structure:

Positive: Subject + will + verb

  • (I, You, He, She, We, They) will come to the party.

Negative: Subject + will + not (won’t) + verb

  • (I, You, He, She, We, They) won’t have time tomorrow.

Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb

  • What will (he, she, you, we) they do?

The Future With Going To

The future with “going to” is used to express events you have already planned in the future and your intentions for the future. We sometimes also use the present continuous for planned events in the near future.

Examples:

  • She’s going to attend university and study to become a doctor.
  • We’re going to make the presentation next week.

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Future With “Going to” Structure:

Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb

  • I am going to attend the meeting.
  • (He, She) is going to attend the meeting.
  • (You, We, They) are going to attend the meeting.

Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb

  • I’m not going to visit Rome next year.
  • (He, She) isn’t going to visit Rome next year.
  • (You, We, They) aren’t going to visit Rome next year.

Questions:  (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb

  • Where am I going to stay?
  • Where is (she, he) going to stay?
  • Where are (you, we, they) going to stay?

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Additional Future Tense Resources

  • Here is an in depth guide to 

    both the future with ‘will’ and with ‘going to’

    .

  • Take the 

    Future Forms Quiz for Advanced Learners

  • Resource for ESL Teachers. This

    intermediate lesson

    focuses solely on the future with “will” and “going to” and includes a step by step guide through the lesson and handouts to use in class.

Activities With the Future With Will and Going to

Some activities that will help you practice:

  • Planning a Party

    – Dialogue concentrating on the future with ‘will’ and ‘going to’.

  • The Meeting

    – Dialogue with schedules, future plans

  • The Oregon Weather Forecast

    – Dialogue with the use of the future with will for predictions, weather vocabulary

  • English Tenses Timeline Chart

    – study how the future forms with will and going to relate to other tenses on a timeline.

Format

mla

apa

chicago

Your Citation
Beare, Kenneth. “Expressing the Future With ‘Will’ and ‘Going to’.” ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/guide-to-future-1211192. Beare, Kenneth. (2021, February 16). Expressing the Future With ‘Will’ and ‘Going to’. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/guide-to-future-1211192 Beare, Kenneth. “Expressing the Future With ‘Will’ and ‘Going to’.” ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/guide-to-future-1211192 (accessed June 29, 2021).

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