The future in English can be rather confusing. There are two future forms used in most conversations: the future with “will” and the future with “going to.” The main difference between the two forms is that “going to” is used for plans and intentions made before the moment of speaking, and the “will” to speak about the future at the moment of speaking. Study these basic forms and then use the referenced resources to practice these forms. Teachers can print out these materials for use in-class, or find help with
how to teach future forms
, as well as the lesson plans suggested below.
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The Future With Will
There are two basic future tenses used to describe things that happen in the future. Besides these two there are some other future tenses which can be started on the advanced future
page. The first future tense is the future with “will.” Use the future with will to talk about an event in the future that you have just decided to do, for predictions and for promises.
- I think I’ll go to that party next week.
- The economy will get better soon.
- Yes, I will marry you.
Future With ‘Will’ Structure:
Positive: Subject + will + verb
- (I, You, He, She, We, They) will come to the party.
Negative: Subject + will + not (won’t) + verb
- (I, You, He, She, We, They) won’t have time tomorrow.
Questions: Question word + will + subject + verb
- What will (he, she, you, we) they do?
The Future With Going To
The future with “going to” is used to express events you have already planned in the future and your intentions for the future. We sometimes also use the present continuous for planned events in the near future.
- She’s going to attend university and study to become a doctor.
- We’re going to make the presentation next week.
Future With “Going to” Structure:
Positive: Subject + to be + going to + verb
- I am going to attend the meeting.
- (He, She) is going to attend the meeting.
- (You, We, They) are going to attend the meeting.
Negative: Subject + to be + not + going to + verb
- I’m not going to visit Rome next year.
- (He, She) isn’t going to visit Rome next year.
- (You, We, They) aren’t going to visit Rome next year.
Questions: (Question word) + to be + subject + going to + verb
- Where am I going to stay?
- Where is (she, he) going to stay?
- Where are (you, we, they) going to stay?
Additional Future Tense Resources
- Here is an in depth guide to
both the future with ‘will’ and with ‘going to’
- Take the
Future Forms Quiz for Advanced Learners
- Resource for ESL Teachers. This
focuses solely on the future with “will” and “going to” and includes a step by step guide through the lesson and handouts to use in class.
Activities With the Future With Will and Going to
Some activities that will help you practice:
Planning a Party
– Dialogue concentrating on the future with ‘will’ and ‘going to’.
– Dialogue with schedules, future plans
The Oregon Weather Forecast
– Dialogue with the use of the future with will for predictions, weather vocabulary
English Tenses Timeline Chart
– study how the future forms with will and going to relate to other tenses on a timeline.
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