Bài 16: CÂU CHỦ ĐỘNG – BỊ ĐỘNG (Active Voice and Passive Voice)
Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:
Ngoại Động từ có cả dạng chủ động và bị động:
|The hunter killed the lion.||>>||The lion was killed by the hunter.|
|Someone has cleaned the windows||>>||The windows have been cleaned|
Các hình thức thụ động được tạo thành từ be + một phân từ quá khứ:
|English||is||spoken||all over the world|
|The windows||have been||cleaned|
|The work||will be||finished||soon|
|They||might have been||invited||to the party|
Thỉnh thoảng chúng ta sử dụng “get” để tạo nên câu bị động :
Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.
Nếu muốn cho thấy một ai đó hoặc một vật làm nên hành động, chúng ta dùng by:
She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.
Chúng ta có thể sử dụng tân ngữ gián tiếp như chủ ngữ của động từ bị động:
|I gave him a book for his birthday||>>||He was given a book for his birthday.|
|Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros||>>||She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.|
Chúng ta có thể sử dụng CỤM ĐỘNG TỪ trong thụ động:
|They called off the meeting.||>>||The meeting was called off.|
|His grandmother looked after him.||>>||He was looked after by his grandmother.|
|They will send him away to school.||>>||He will be sent away to school.|
Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:
Một số động từ thường được sử dụng trong bị động được theo sau bởi “TO V0”
|be supposed to||be expected to||be asked to|
|be scheduled to||be allowed to||be told to|
John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.
Rewrite the following sentence in passive voice.
John gave me a bunch of flowers on my birthday.
Choose the sentences written incorrectly in the passive voice.
- I was eaten an ice cream.
- The song was sung by a singer.
- I was deceived by the TV program.
- The concert was finished at 12 p.m.
- He was written a novel.
- The tennis match was aired on TV.
- He was treated kindly.
- I have been managed a company since 2004.
I was given a bunch of flowers on my birthday by John.
A bunch of flowers was given to me on my birthday by John.
1) I ate an ice cream.
5) He wrote a novel.
8) I have managed a company since 2004.
Chuyên mục: Kiến thức