Kiến thức

Da Nang-Wikipedia

Da Nang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to navigation

Jump to search

City in Vietnam
Municipality in Vietnam
Da Nang

Thành phố Đà Nẵng

Municipality (Class-1)

Đà Nẵng City

Tổng hợp Đà Nẵng.jpg

Nicknames: 

City of Han River
City of Bridges

Interactive map outlining Danang

Location of Da Nang

Coordinates:

16°04′10″N 108°12′35″E / 16.06944°N 108.20972°E / 16.06944; 108.20972

Coordinates

:

16°04′10″N 108°12′35″E / 16.06944°N 108.20972°E / 16.06944; 108.20972

Country

Vietnam

Region

South Central Coast

Capital

Hải Châu

Subdivision

6 districts, 2 rural districts
Government

 • Type

Municipality (Class-1)

 • Body Danang People’s Council
 • Secretary of the

Party

Nguyễn Văn Quảng
 • Chairman of People’s Council Lương Nguyễn Minh Triết
 • Chairman of People’s Committee Lê Trung Chinh
Area

[2]

 • Total 1,285.4 km2 (496.3 sq mi)
Population

 (2019)
 • Total 1,134,310

[1]

Ethnic groups

[3]

 • 

Vietnamese

[4]

99.47%
 • 

Katu

0.16%
 • 

Hoa

0.14%
 • Others 0.23%

Time zone

UTC+07:00

(

ICT

)

Postal code

50000

Area codes

236

ISO 3166 code

VN-DN

License plate

43

GRP

(Nominal)

2019

[5]

– Total US$4.7 billion
– Per capita US$4.095

Climate

Am

International airports

Da Nang International Airport

Website

www.danang.gov.vn

Da Nang

Da Nang (Chinese characters).svg

“Da Nang” in

chữ Hán

(Chinese characters)

Vietnamese name

Vietnamese alphabet

Đà Nẵng

Chữ Hán

沱㶞

Da Nang (also written as Danang,

[6]

[nb 1]

/(ˌ)dɑː, də ˈnæŋ, ˈnɑːŋ/

dah, də NANG, NAHNG

;

[7]

Vietnamese

: Đà Nẵng,

[ɗâː nǎˀŋ]

(

About this sound

listen

)) is a

class-1 municipality

and the

fifth-largest city

in

Vietnam

by municipal population.

[8]

It is the third largest city in Vietnam by urban population, and it is considered as the third city of Vietnam. It lies on the coast of the

South China Sea

at the mouth of the

Hàn River

, and is one of Vietnam’s most important port cities. As one of the country’s five

direct-controlled municipalities

, it falls under the administration of the

central government

.

Da Nang is the commercial and educational centre of

Central Vietnam

and is the largest city in the region. It has a well-sheltered, easily accessible port, and its location on

National Route 1A

and the

North–South Railway

makes it a transport hub. It is within 100 km (62 mi) of several

UNESCO

World Heritage Sites

, including the

Imperial City of Huế

, the Old Town of

Hội An

, and the

Mỹ Sơn

ruins. The city was known as Cửa Hàn during early

Đại Việt

settlement, and as Tourane (or Turon) during

French colonial rule

. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam-Da Nang Province.

On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from

Quảng Nam Province

to become one of four centrally controlled municipalities in Vietnam. Da Nang is designated as a

first class city

,

[9]

and has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam’s other

provinces or centrally governed cities

.

[10]

Names and etymology[

edit

]

Most of the names by which Da Nang has been known make reference to its position at the

Hàn River

estuary. The city’s present name is generally agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the

Cham

word da nak, which is translated as “opening of a large river”.

[11]

[12]

A map of

Annam

drafted by

Alexandre de Rhodes

. “Cua han” appears along the coast (upside-down, left of centre).

Other

Chamic

sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara (aka Phú Trạm), a researcher specializing in

Champa

, suggests Da Nang is a variation of the Cham word daknan (lit. “the large water”); Sakaya (aka Văn Món), another Champa researcher, claims a connection with the

Raglai

word danang, meaning “river source”.

[13]

Another name given to Da Nang was Cửa Hàn (lit. “mouth of the Han [river]”). The name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration.

[14]

Notably, this name (spelled “Cua han”) appears on maps of the area drafted by

Alexandre de Rhodes

in 1650. The name Kean (cf. Kẻ Hàn, roughly “Han market”) was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land at the foot of the

Hải Vân Pass

.

[11]

Other names referring to Da Nang include:

[11]

  • Vũng Thùng, a colloquial name which survives in

    folklore

    .

    [nb 2]

  • Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by

    Confucian

    scholars.

  • In Chinese, Danang is known as Xiangang (

    峴港

    ), this is derived from the old name 蜆港 (“Clam Harbor”).

  • In

    Chữ Nôm

    , used until 1945, “Đà Nẵng” is written as

    沱灢

    .

  • Thái Phiên, a name used briefly after the 1945

    August Revolution

    , commemorating

    Thái Phiên

    , the leader of popular revolts during the 1916

    Duy Tân Resistance

    .

History[

edit

]

Ancient Vietnam[

edit

]

Da Nang in the painting Giao Chỉ quốc mậu dịch độ hải đồ (交趾国渡航図巻) of Chaya Shinroku (茶屋新六) in the 17th century.

The city’s origins date back to the ancient kingdom of

Champa

, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams’ sphere of influence stretched from

Huế

to

Vũng Tàu

. The city of

Indrapura

, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in

Quảng Nam Province

(about 50 km (31 mi) from Da Nang), was the capital of Champa from about 875 to about 1000 AD. Also in the region of Da Nang were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura (“City of the Lion”), the location of which has been identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, and the valley of

Mỹ Sơn

,

[15]

where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed.

In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the

Đại Việt

, who were then based at Hoa Lư near modern

Hanoi

.

[16]

In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa by emperor

Lê Hoàn

of the Đại Việt (founder of the

Early Lê Dynasty

) were detained in Indrapura. Lê Hoàn decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham eventually abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD.

[17]

The Đại Việt campaign against Champa continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the

Lý Dynasty

. Soon afterward, Vietnamese peasants began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain. The southward expansion of Đại Việt (known as Nam Tiến) continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century.

Western contact[

edit

]

One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call regularly at Hội An, which was then a much more important port than Da Nang.

[18]

Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, French and Spanish traders and missionaries regularly made landfall at

Hội An

, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang (then called Turon) on 18 June 1819 in the

brig

Franklin of

Salem, Massachusetts

, and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, and that what little goods had been produced in the area was already allocated. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of

Boston

, and the Aurora and Beverly of Salem.

[19]

[20]

Conditions were such due to the wars that they were unable to conduct trade, and the subsequent missions of

East India Company

agent

John Crawfurd

in 1823

[21]

and the two missions of

Andrew Jackson

‘s agent, American diplomat

Edmund Roberts

, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements due to the exceptionally poor quality of the port.

[19]

:pp.19–40 Following the edict of Emperor

Minh Mạng

in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Hàn Port, Da Nang quickly surpassed Hội An, becoming the largest commercial port in the central region.

French Indochina[

edit

]

French warships off Đà Nẵng (Tourane) September 1858. What started as a

punitive campaign

against the Vietnamese, had turned into a long, bitter and costly defeat for the Franco-Spanish Force.

This led to the colonization of Vietnam.

In 1847, French vessels dispatched by

Admiral Cécille

bombarded Đà Nẵng

, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries. In August 1858, once again ostensibly on the grounds of religious persecution, French troops, led by Admiral

Charles Rigault de Genouilly

, and under the orders of

Napoleon III

, landed in Đà Nẵng as part of the punitive

Cochinchina Campaign

.

The French overpowered the Vietnamese stationed in Da Nang, swiftly occupying the city and Tiên Sa peninsula (present-day Sơn Trà peninsula). The occupying forces were quickly

placed under siege

by the Vietnamese army under the command of Nguyễn Tri Phương, and were eventually forced to retreat in March 1860. The French were able to invade the southern stronghold of

Saigon

and, in June 1862, several provinces of southern Vietnam were ceded to the French as

Cochinchina

with the signing of the

Treaty of Saigon

.

Through two more decades of conflict, the French gradually strengthened their hold on Vietnam, culminating in the establishment of

French Indochina

(

French

: Union de l’Indochine Française) in October 1887.

[22]

Two years later, in 1889, the French colonists renamed the city Tourane, placing it under the control of the

Governor General of French Indochina

.

[23]

It came to be considered one of

Indochina

‘s five major cities, among

Hanoi

,

Saigon–Cholon

,

Haiphong

, and

Huế

.

Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)[

edit

]

U.S. helicopters at

Da Nang Air Base

, 1965

During the

Vietnam War

, what is now the

Da Nang International Airport

was a

major air base

used by the

South Vietnamese

and

United States Air Forces

.

The base became one of the world’s busiest aircraft hubs during the war,

[24]

reaching an average of 2,595 aircraft traffic operations daily, more than any other airport and airbase in the world at that time.

[25]

The final U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam ceased on 13 August 1972, when a residual force of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade stood down in Đà Nẵng. B Battery 3rd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment fired the final U.S. artillery round and the 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment finished their final patrols. This residual force was known as “Operation Gimlet”. After the US withdrawal from the conflict, in the final stage of the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam, Da Nang fell to the communist forces March 29–30, 1975. Vietnam issued two special postage stamps to commemorate this event, within its “total liberation” stamp set issued 14 December 1976.

Xem thêm: Công bố trong nước

Geography[

edit

]

Da Nang is the largest city in central Vietnam and one of the country’s most important ports. The city is surrounded by mountains to the west, and the South China Sea to the east. Da Nang borders

Thừa Thiên-Huế Province

across the

Hải Vân Pass

to the north, along with the

Quảng Nam Province

to the south and west. It is 764 km (475 mi) south of

Hanoi

, and 964 km (599 mi) north of

Ho Chi Minh City

.

[26]

The city has a total land area of 1,283.42 km2 (495.53 sq mi), of which 241.51 km2 (93.25 sq mi) are urban districts and 1,041.91 km2 (402.28 sq mi) are rural districts.

[26]

Geology and topography[

edit

]

Geologically, Da Nang is at the edge of a

Paleozoic

fold belt

known as the Truong Son

Orogenic Zone

, whose main deformation occurred during the early

Carboniferous

period.

[27]

Da Nang’s topography is dominated by the steep

Annamite mountain range

to the north and north-west, which features peaks ranging from 700 to 1,500 m (2,300 to 4,900 ft) in height, and low-lying coastal plains with some salting to the south and east, with several white sand beaches along the coast.

[26]

Climate[

edit

]

Da Nang has a

tropical monsoon climate

with two seasons: a typhoon and wet season from September to December and a dry season from January to August.

[26]

Temperatures have an annual average of around 26 °C (79 °F).

[26]

Cold waves can occasionally occur, although they are of short duration.

[26]

Temperatures are highest between June and August with mean temperatures of 28 to 30 °C (82 to 86 °F)), and lowest between December and February (mean temperature of 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F)).

[26]

In Ba Na Hills, the temperatures are lower with an annual average of 20 °C (68 °F).

[26]

The annual average for humidity is 81%, with highs between October and January (reaching 84–86%) and lows between June and August (reaching 75–77%).

[28]

On average, Da Nang receives 2,153 mm (84.8 in) of rainfall. Rainfall is typically highest between September and November (ranging from 550 to 1,000 mm (22 to 39 in)) and lowest between February and April (ranging from 23 to 40 mm (0.91 to 1.57 in)).

[26]

Da Nang receives an average of 2156 hours of sunlight annually, with highs between 234 and 277 hours per month in May and June and lows between 69 and 165 hours per month in November and December.

[26]

Climate data for Da Nang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.8
(91.0)
36.8
(98.2)
37.2
(99.0)
41.1
(106.0)
39.4
(102.9)
40.0
(104.0)
38.3
(100.9)
39.0
(102.2)
37.8
(100.0)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
32.8
(91.0)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
26.1
(79.0)
28.5
(83.3)
31.0
(87.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93.0)
31.6
(88.9)
29.3
(84.7)
27.1
(80.8)
24.9
(76.8)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
22.3
(72.1)
24.2
(75.6)
26.4
(79.5)
28.3
(82.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.1
(75.4)
22.1
(71.8)
25.8
(78.4)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
20.0
(68.0)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
19.7
(67.5)
22.9
(73.2)
Record low °C (°F) 8.9
(48.0)
7.8
(46.0)
11.1
(52.0)
7.8
(46.0)
18.9
(66.0)
20.0
(68.0)
17.8
(64.0)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
12.2
(54.0)
7.2
(45.0)
11.1
(52.0)
7.2
(45.0)
Average

precipitation

mm (inches)

85
(3.3)
25
(1.0)
20
(0.8)
35
(1.4)
84
(3.3)
90
(3.5)
87
(3.4)
117
(4.6)
312
(12.3)
650
(25.6)
432
(17.0)
216
(8.5)
2,153
(84.8)
Average precipitation days 11.6 6.3 4.1 5.4 9.8 8.7 9.2 11.0 14.4 20.1 20.5 18.3 139.4
Average

relative humidity

(%)

84.2 83.9 83.5 82.6 79.5 76.5 75.3 77.2 81.9 84.5 84.8 85.5 81.6
Mean monthly

sunshine hours

139 145 188 209 246 239 253 218 176 145 120 103 2,181
Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology

[29]

Source 2:

Deutscher Wetterdienst

(extremes 1939–1993)

[28]

Natural disasters[

edit

]

Widespread flooding in Da Nang in the wake of

Typhoon Ketsana

.

Da Nang is susceptible to damage from typhoons that cross into the South China Sea. In 2006, the landfall of

Typhoon Xangsane

near the city of

Hue

caused 26 deaths in Da Nang, damaging and destroying homes, downing trees and power lines and flooding major streets.

[30]

[31]

Authorities in Da Nang estimated the damage caused by Xangsane at around US$200 million, with more than 5,000 houses washed away, 166,000 homes damaged and 19 boats sunk.

[32]

Three years later,

Typhoon Ketsana

made its landfall about 60 km (37 mi) south of Da Nang, again causing widespread flooding. Ketsana left eight people dead and 96 injured in Da Nang, and caused an estimated

VND

495 billion (US$25 million) in damage.

[33]

[34]

Shortly after the

2011 Tōhoku earthquake

, which triggered a powerful tsunami, the People’s Committee of Da Nang approved the installation of 10 early tsunami warning stations throughout the city, the first of their kind in Vietnam. Officials expected the stations would provide at least thirty minutes of warning in case of a tsunami. According to Le Huy Minh, Director of the Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Centre at the Vietnam Institute of Geophysics, a powerful earthquake (≥8

MW

) in the waters north of the Philippines could pose a significant danger to the Vietnamese coastline, particularly the area around Da Nang.

[35]

Demographics[

edit

]

Da Nang is the sixth most populated city in Vietnam, with an area of 1,255.53 km2 (484.76 sq mi) and a population of 1,064,100 as the latest update in 2017.

[36]

Women make up 50.7% of Da Nang’s population.

[37]

Population growth

Da Nang’s population has been growing at rates of between 2.5% and 3% during most of the years between 2005 and 2011, significantly exceeding the national average of 1% to 1.2%.

[38]

The growth rate briefly rose to 3.6% in 2010 before returning to its long-term trend with 2.68% in 2011. This is the third fastest growth rate in the country after the two southern manufacturing centers

Bình Dương Province

(4.41%) and

Đồng Nai Province

(3.5%).

[38]

Đà Nẵng’s population is estimated to reach one million inhabitants by 2014.

[2]

Migration has been the dominant factor in the city’s population growth at least since 2009, contributing 1.6% to 2.7% (2010) between 2009 and 2011.

[38]

Out-migration has been relatively high in 2011 at 0.79% compared to 0.34% and 0.55% in previous years, while the in-migration rate has been exceeding 2% since 2009 and was at 2.28% in 2011.

[38]

Đà Nẵng’s natural population growth is only slightly higher than the national average. Its crude birth rate was recorded at 18

live births

per 1000 persons. The crude death rate was measured at 6.7 per 1000 persons in 2011.

[38]

Life expectancy

at birth was estimated at 77.4 years for women and 72.4 years for men, or 74.8 years overall in the 2009 population census. The

infant mortality rate

was measured at 9.9 infant deaths per 1000 live births,

[38]

less than two points above the nation’s average for urban areas.

Urbanization

The city has the highest urbanization ratio among

provinces and municipalities in Vietnam

,

[10]

containing only 11

rural communes

, the fewest of any province-level unit in Vietnam.

[39]

As of 2009, 86.9% of Đà Nẵng’s population lived in urban areas; average annual urban population growth was 3.5%.

[37]

Politics[

edit

]

The leading organ of the Communist Party in Da Nang City is the Executive Committee of the

Communist Party

. The current Secretary is Nguyen Van Quang.

The legislative branch of the city is the People’s Council of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Luong Nguyen Minh Triet.

The executive branch of the city is the People’s Committee of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Le Trung Chinh.

Administrative divisions[

edit

]

The city of Da Nang is officially divided into eight district-level sub-divisions, including six urban districts (

Hải Châu

,

Thanh Khê

,

Cẩm Lệ

,

Sơn Trà

,

Ngũ Hành Sơn

and

Liên Chiểu

) and two rural districts (

Hòa Vang

and

Hoàng Sa

(

Paracel Islands

[40]

)). They are further subdivided into 45 wards and 11 communes.

Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam–Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from

Quang Nam Province

to become one of five independent (centrally-controlled) municipalities in Vietnam.

District Subdivisions Area Population (2018)

[41]

Pop. density

[41]

(km²) (mile²) (persons/km²) (persons/mile²)

Cam Le

6

wards

33.3 12.9 143,632 2,054.74 5,321.8

Hai Chau

13 wards 24.1 9.3 221,324 9,251.11 23,960.3

Hoa Vang

11

communes

737.5 284.8 201,070 151.14 391.5

Lien Chieu

5 wards 83.1 32.1 170,153 1,144.54 2,964.3

Ngu Hanh Son

4 wards 36.5 14.1 115,872 1,476.41 3,823.9

Son Tra

7 wards 60.8 23.5 173,455 1,970.58 5,103.8

Thanh Khe

10 wards 9.3 3.6 205,341 18,046.06 46,739.1

Hoàng Sa

305 118 0 0 0
Total 45 wards, 11 communes 1,479.1 571.1 1,230,847 628.58 1,628.0

Xem thêm: Giải Toán 11 SGK nâng cao Chương 4 Bài 8 Hàm số liên tục

Economy[

edit

]

Da Nang is the leading industrial center of central Vietnam. Its GDP per capita was 19 million

VND

in 2007, one of the highest in Vietnam (after

Hồ Chí Minh City

,

Hanoi

,

Bình Dương Province

, and

Đồng Nai Province

).

[42]

By 2009, this had increased to 27.3 million VND.

[43]

Da Nang led the

Provincial Competitiveness Index

rankings in 2008, 2009, and 2010 (and was second after

Bình Dương Province

in the three years before that), benefiting mostly from good infrastructure, good performance in labour training, transparency, proactive provincial leadership and low entry costs.[

citation needed

]

Exports million US$ (2007)

[44]

Imports million US$ (2007)

[44]

Total 469.6 Total 522.1
Textiles 139.8 Machinery, equipment 237.2
Aquatic products 75.2 Materials for garments 77
Handicraft products 51.6 Iron, steel 41.6
Coffee 47.6 Medicaments 24.9
Footwear 17.7 Chemical fertilizer 22.5
Rice 8 Motorbikes 0.45

Exports increased to US$575 million in 2008, but fell back to US$475 million in 2009.

[43]

Agriculture, forestry, fishing[

edit

]

Despite its status as a city, 37,800 people in Da Nang were employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing as of 2007, producing 45,000t of rice and 41,000t of fish.

[44]

However, employment in these sectors had a clear negative trend in the first decade of the 21st century.

[44]

Gross output has also been decreasing during the second half of the decade.

[43]

Given Da Nang’s lack of agricultural land (9200ha as of 2007) and its location at the coast, fishing has been contributing more to the economy than agriculture, with a gross output more than twice that of agriculture.

[44]

Industry[

edit

]

Da Nang is a diversified industrial center, including industries such as machinery, electrics, chemicals, shipbuilding, and textiles.

[45]

Specific industrial products include aquatic products, fabric, clothes, bricks, fertilizer, cement, soap, paper, and medical tablets.

[44]

The city’s industry may diversify further.

EADS

is planning to set up an industrial park focused on the aviation industry in Da Nang.

[46]

As of 2007, Da Nang industry was dominated by the state sector, which made up 57% of

gross output

. This is about the same as its share in 2000.

[44]

Over 80% of the state industry is centrally managed (in other words: belongs to state corporations headquartered in

Hanoi

).

[44]

Almost half of the rest is contributed by the foreign-invested sector, while the private domestic sector is still relatively small and has not been able to significantly increase its share compared to the state sector. Industry grew by an average of 14.8% per year from 2000 to 2007, making it the main engine of economic growth. However, it has the second lowest industrial growth rate in the

South Central Coast

(behind only

Khanh Hoa Province

). Employment has grown at an average of 5.75%, reaching 118,900 in 2007.

[42]

Trade[

edit

]

Inside Hàn Market.

Historically, Da Nang’s main marketplace has been the Hàn Market (

Vietnamese

: Chợ Hàn), which is downtown near the west bank of the Hàn River, between Tran Phu and Bach Dang Streets. This market, much like

Ben Thanh Market

in

Saigon

, offers a wide variety of goods sold by many different vendors, such as clothing, silk, jewelry, flowers, foodstuffs such as dried fruit and fish, as well as coffee, tea and wine (including Vietnamese

snake wine

).[

citation needed

]

Property[

edit

]

Many new construction projects are underway in Da Nang, including several beachfront resorts such as the US$130 million Hyatt Regency Danang Resort & Spa, and the Beach Resort complex (including Ocean Villas and Marriott Hotel) in

Ngu Hanh Son

.

[47]

Another ambitious project, the US$250 million Da Phuoc International New Town aims to construct an entirely new urban area on reclaimed land on the city’s north sea coast, making it the first major

land reclamation

project in Central Vietnam. Plans for the Đa Phước project include the erection of a hotel and several smaller resorts, a 33-story apartment block and 60-story office block, an 18-hole golf course, a marina, as well as villas and international schools.

[48]

[49]

Culture[

edit

]

Tourism[

edit

]

A gateway leading to Huyen Khong Cave in the

Marble Mountains

A cable car in the Bà Nà Mountains

The Dragon bridge

The tourism sector is a vital component of Da Nang’s economy. Its status as a transportation hub for central Vietnam and its proximity to several

UNESCO

World Heritage Sites

, including the

Imperial City of Hue

, the Old Town of

Hoi An

, and the

My Son

ruins fuels much of its tourist activity.

Mỹ Sơn is an archaeological site dating back more than a thousand years, in

Quang Nam

. Located in a remote forested valley some 70 km west of Da Nang, this former capital and religious center of the

Champa

kingdom once contained in excess of 70 style temples and stupas. Although badly damaged by bombing raids in the 1960s, the site still has more than 20 structures and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Many statues, sculptures and reliefs recovered from Mỹ Sơn are kept in the

Museum of Cham Sculpture

, near the

Hàn River

in the heart of Da Nang. Dating from the fourth to the 14th centuries, the sensual artwork on these works depicts daily activities as well as Hindu and Buddhist religious themes.

The

Marble Mountains

are rocky limestone outcrops jutting out of the beach just south of Da Nang. Paths lead to the top of the forested cliffs, providing views of Non Nuoc Beach and the South China Sea. The caves in the cliffs were originally inhabited by the

Cham people

. Later, the

Nguyen Dynasty

built numerous pagodas among the caves. The Marble Mountains are home to various artisans producing sculpture and artwork at its base at

Non Nuoc Village

.

Non Nuoc Beach is a white sandy beach on the outskirts of Đà Nẵng that is renowned for its history as an R&R destination for American troops during the

Vietnam War

. Today, the beach, along with Mỹ Khê beach to the north, are home to expensive resorts, surfing, and entertainment facilities.

Ba Na Hills

is a mountain resort with a 5 km-long

cable car

system which carries guests up to Ba Na’s peak at 1487m above sea level.

Son Tra Mountain

, just some miles away from the city centre with some wild streams and resorts along the seaside.[

citation needed

]

The central coastal city of Da Nang saw a significant growth in international tourist arrivals in 2017, according to the city’s Department of Tourism. In 2017, about 6.6 million visitors came to Da Nang, up 19% over the previous year and 4.8% higher than its yearly target. The figure included 4.3 million domestic tourists, up 11.3% year-on-year.

The central city earned over VND19.4 trillion (US$853.96 million) in revenue, an increase of 20.6% from 2016. Statistics also show that the city witnessed an impressive increase in the number of visitors by air which stood at over 1.58 million, up 74.4% while by-car visitors via Thailand and Laos was estimated at 14,120.

[50]

Cuisine[

edit

]

Central Vietnamese cuisine, particularly the cuisine of Da Nang, is well known through Vietnam, and growing in popularity internationally. Da Nang is famous for its flavorful dishes, such as

Mì Quảng

, Bún chả cá (fish ball noodle soup),Bánh tráng cuốn thịt heo( Dry pancake roll with pork), Banh xeo (Crispy pancake), Nem lui (Lemongrass Pork Skewers).

[51]

Sport[

edit

]

Da Nang’s football club,

SHB Da Nang F.C.

, play in the

V-League

, Vietnam’s top professional football league. They are currently one of the most highly ranked teams in that league, having emerged from competition as champions of the

2009 V-League

. In the same year, they also completed the double by winning the

Vietnamese Cup

. They also qualified for the

2010 AFC Champions League

and the

2010 AFC Cup

; although they did not advance past the

qualifying play-off

in the Champions League,

[52]

they advanced to the quarter-finals of the AFC Cup after defeating

Becamex Bình Dương

in

extra time

.

[53]

Several Da Nang F.C. players also play for the Vietnam

national team

, including

defender

Võ Hoàng Quảng

and

midfielder

Phan Thanh Hưng

.

SHB Da Nang F.C.

play their home games at the

Chi Lăng Stadium

, a 30,000-seat stadium in

Hải Châu District

.

Education[

edit

]

A sign at the

University of Đà Nẵng

‘s main campus, on Le Duan Street.

There are several universities located in Da Nang, with campuses in many locations throughout the city, as well as satellite campuses in surrounding regions.

  • University of Da Nang

    , with a number of member colleges:

    • Technology

    • Technology and Education
    • Economics

    • Pedagogy
    • Foreign Languages

    • Information Technology

    • Kon Tum campus
    • English Language Institute

      [54]

  • Da Nang University of Medical Technology,

    [55]

    Medicine and Pharmacy

  • Da Nang University of Sport
  • Duy Tan University

    , private university

  • Dong A University,

    [56]

    private university

  • Da Nang University of Architecture

  • The American University of Vietnam

    (AUV), private university

The city has 17 high schools, of which

Le Quy Don High School for the Gifted

is among the leading high schools in Vietnam.

There is also a sizable presence of overseas education representatives in Da Nang. Campus France,

[57]

is a French-government agency in Da Nang city which promotes the learning of the French language, and supports students in the city and the surrounding province in the location of study opportunities in the higher education system in France. The consultation service provided by CampusFrance is free of charge. English Language Institute

[54]

is a learning center built by the

University of Queensland

, Australia, targeting English teaching in addition to serving as an

IELTS

testing provider. Singapore International School is an international school in Da Nang.

Infrastructure[

edit

]

Health[

edit

]

Da Nang has a number of hospitals, including:

  • Da Nang Hospital

  • C Hospital

  • Da Nang Oncology Hospital
  • Da Nang Hospital for Women and Children.
  • Da Nang Hospital for Traumatology and Orthopaedics.
  • Women’s Hospital

  • Dermatology and

    Venereology

  • Traditional medicine

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is also known as “Da Nang lung” as many cases occurring during the Vietnam War were treated at a medical centre in Da Nang.

[58]

Transportation[

edit

]

A

Vietnam Airlines

jet is boarded in front of the new terminal of

Da Nang International Airport

Đà Nẵng is at the end of the

East–West Economic Corridor

(EWEC), which stretches over Vietnam,

Laos

, Thailand, and

Burma (Myanmar)

.

By air[

edit

]

Da Nang International Airport.

Da Nang International Airport

, located at the centre of the city, is the third largest international airport in Vietnam. It is an important gateway to access central Vietnam. The airport was known as

Da Nang Air Base

during the

Vietnam War

, during which time it was described as the world’s busiest airport.

[24]

During the month of May 1968, the base reached an average of 2,595 air traffic operations daily, more than any airport in the world.

[25]

As of June 2011, the airport has domestic connections to

Hanoi

,

Ho Chi Minh City

,

Haiphong

,

Vinh

,

Buon Ma Thuot

,

Da Lat

,

Nha Trang

, and

Can Tho

, as well as international connections to

Seoul

(South Korea),

Tokyo

(

Japan

),

Singapore

, and

Taipei

(

Taiwan

).

Beginning 16 December 2011,

Air Asia

, a Malaysian

low-cost carrier

, began offering four flights a week between Đà Nẵng and Kuala Lumpur. A new international terminal opened in December 2011

[59]

allowing further connections to destinations such as

Phnom Penh

(Cambodia), Thailand, Hong Kong, Japan, and Australia.

[60]

As of November 2015, Da Nang International airport has been undergoing extensive renovations.

By land[

edit

]

The

Hải Vân Pass

Hai Van Tunnel North Entrance

Da Nang is a major station along the

North–South Railway

, also known as the Reunification Express. National Highways

1A

and 14B run through the city, providing road connections to

Hanoi

in the north and

Ho Chi Minh City

in the south, as well as the Central Highlands and

Laos

to the west. The

Hai Pass

is a mountain pass separating Da Nang and

Thừa Thiên–Huế Province

, where Highway 1A road passes through. To cut down on transit time and the danger to motorists from navigating the twisting mountain road, the

Hải Vân Tunnel

was built, opening in 2005. It is the longest tunnel in south-east Asia at 6.28 km, and allows motorists to save between 30 minutes and an hour on traveling times over the old Hải Vân Pass route. An

expressway

between Da Nang and nearby Quang Ngai is also in the planning stages.[

citation needed

]

Several bridges cross the Han River and its tributaries in Da Nang, including the iconic

Han River Bridge

,

Tran Thi Ly Bridge

,

Nguyen Van Troi Bridge

,

Tuyen Son Bridge

and the recently completed

Thuan Phuoc Bridge

, which is the longest suspension bridge in Vietnam.

[61]

The

Dragon River Bridge

will cross the Han River at the Le Dinh Duong/Bach Dang

roundabout

, offering tourists coming from Đà Nẵng International Airport a more direct route to My Khe and Non Nuoc beaches, along the city’s eastern edge.

By sea[

edit

]

The

Legend of the Seas

calls at Da Nang Port in February 2009.

Da Nang’s port system is the third largest in

Vietnam

after

Ho Chi Minh City

and

Haiphong

. In 2008, Da Nang’s port handled 2.7 million tons of cargo, of which 1.2 million tons were exports, 525,900 tons were imports, and 985,600 tons were domestic cargo. Over 29,600 passengers passed through the port in 2008, a significant increase over previous years.

[62]

The port system consists of two areas: Tiên Sa Seaport, and Song Hàn Terminal. Tien Sa Seaport has a navigation depth of 11 m (36 ft), and is able to receive

medium range

tankers of up to 45,000

DWT

, as well as container ships and large cruise ships. The approach to Song Hàn Terminal is 12 nmi (22 km) long with a navigation depth of 6–7 m (20–23 ft), and can accommodate vessels of up to 5,000 DWT. Vietnam National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) is the port authority for Đà Nẵng’s port system.

[62]

Despite the fact that the port’s infrastructure is not specifically designed to accommodate cruise ships, the number of large cruise ships docking at Da Nang Port has increased in recent years.

[63]

In the first two months of 2010 alone, 12 cruise ships docked in Da Nang, carrying 6,477 passengers.

[64]

In recent years,[

when?

] cruise ships tend to dock at

Chân Mây Port

, which is located 50 km from Da Nang through the

Hải Vân Tunnel

.

Xem thêm: Cách tính công suất tiêu thụ điện của điều hòa

Sister cities[

edit

]

  • Semarang

    ,

    Indonesia

    [65]

  • Kawasaki

    ,

    Japan

    [66]

  • Iwaki

    ,

    Japan

    [66]

  • Shizuoka

    Japan

    [66]

  • Kagoshima

    ,

    Japan

    [66]

  • Okinawa

    ,

    Japan

    [66]

  • Shandong

    ,

    China

    [66]

  • Jiangsu

    ,

    China

    [66]

  • Qingdao

    ,

    China

    [66]

  • Macau

    ,

    China

    [66]

  • Kaohsiung

    ,

    Taiwan

    [66]

  • Haiphong

    ,

    Vietnam

    [66]

  • Salo

    ,

    Finland

    [66]

  • Turku

    ,

    Finland

    [66]

  • Oakland

    ,

    United States

    [66]

  • San Francisco

    ,

    United States

    [66]

  • Tacoma

    ,

    United States

    [66]

  • Jersey City

    ,

    United States

    [66]

  • Pittsburgh

    ,

    United States

    [66]

  • Timișoara

    ,

    Romania

    [67]

  • Newcastle

    ,

    Australia

    [66]

  • İzmir

    ,

    Turkey

    [66]

  • Yaroslavl

    ,

    Russia

    [68]

  • Toluca

    ,

    Mexico

    [69]

Notes[

edit

]

  1. ^

    See also

    Danang Dragons

  2. ^

    “Hearing the sudden gunfire, we know that the Western ships anchored at Vung Thung yesterday” (“Tai nghe súng nổ cái đùng, Tàu Tây đã lại Vũng Thùng hôm qua”).

    “Name of Danang through periods of time”

    . Da Nang People’s Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from

    the original

    on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.

References[

edit

]

  1. ^

    “Công bố kết quả sơ bộ tổng điều tra dân số 2019: Cả nước có hơn 96,2 triệu người, Đà Nẵng có 1.134.310 người”

    . Báo Đà Nẵng.

  2. ^

    a

    b

    Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014

    Archived

    July 6, 2015, at the

    Wayback Machine

    , General Statistics Office Of Vietnam

  3. ^

    General Statistics Office of Vietnam

    (2019).

    Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census

    (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam).

    ISBN

     

    978-604-75-1532-5

    .

  4. ^

    Also called Kinh people

  5. ^

    “Tăng trưởng GRDP Đà Nẵng 2019 thấp nhất trong 5 TP trực thuộc Trung ương”

    (in Vietnamese).

    Tuổi Trẻ

    . December 28, 2019.

  6. ^

    Asia, T. T. G.

    “Vietnam’s Danang bans tourists after two Covid cases in months | TTG Asia”

    . www.ttgasia.com. Retrieved 2021-05-21.

  7. ^

    Wells, John

    (3 April 2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Pearson Longman.

    ISBN

     

    978-1-4058-8118-0

    .

  8. ^

    Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (27 May 2010).

    “Background Note: Vietnam”

    . U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2010-06-21.

  9. ^

    Quyết định số 145/2003/QĐ/TTg ngày 15/7/2003

  10. ^

    a

    b

    “VietNamNet”

    . vietnamnet.vn.

  11. ^

    a

    b

    c

    “Names of Đà Nẵng through periods of time”

    . Danang People’s Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from

    the original

    on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.

  12. ^

    Bùi Minh Quốc. Hỏi đáp về Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng [Questions and Answers about Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng].

  13. ^

    “Năm mới nói chuyện tên quê”

    . Báo Đà Nẵng.

  14. ^

    Footprint Vietnam

    . Footprint Travel Guides. 2008. p. 202.

    ISBN

     

    978-1-906098-13-1

    . Retrieved 19 March 2011.

  15. ^

    “KINGDOM OF CHAMPA”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2012-09-20.

  16. ^

    Lê Thành Khôi, Histoire du Vietnam, p.122, 141.

  17. ^

    Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Champa, p.34; Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Mỹ Sơn Relics, p.75-76.

  18. ^

    “HOI AN’s History”

    . www.angelfire.com.

  19. ^

    a

    b

    Miller, Robert Hopkins

    (1990).

    “The Franklin and Captain White”

    .

    The United States and Vietnam, 1787–1941

    . Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 7.

    ISBN

     

    978-0-7881-0810-5

    .

    OCLC

     

    90013317

    . Retrieved June 23, 2012.[

    permanent dead link

    ]

  20. ^

    Trow, Charles Edward (1905), “Chapter XXII”,

    The old shipmasters of Salem

    , New York and London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, pp. 251–266,

    OCLC

     

    4669778

    , Captain White’s Journal.

  21. ^

    Nicholas Tarling

    (editor), The Cambridge History of south-east Asia: Vol. 2, The nineteenth and twentieth centuries (1992), p. 42;

    Google Books

    .

  22. ^

    Peter N. Stearns, ed. (2001).

    The encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern, chronologically arranged

    . Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 575.

    ISBN

     

    0-395-65237-5

    .

  23. ^

    “Danang History”

    . Danang People’s Committee. 2004-01-03. Retrieved 2010-07-09.

  24. ^

    a

    b

    John Edmund Delezen (2003).

    Eye of the tiger: memoir of a United States marine, Third Force Recon Company, Vietnam

    . McFarland. p. 54.

    ISBN

     

    0-7864-1656-4

    . Retrieved 14 July 2010.

  25. ^

    a

    b

    AACS – Air Communication

    . Turner Publishing. 2004.

    ISBN

     

    1-56311-976-5

    .

  26. ^

    a

    b

    c

    d

    e

    f

    g

    h

    i

    j

    “Location and Natural Conditions”

    . www.danang.gov.vn. Da Nang People’s Committee. Archived from

    the original

    on 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.

  27. ^

    Eldridge M. Moores; Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997).

    Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology

    . Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Chapman & Hall encyclopedia of earth sciences. 19. Springer. p. 778.

    ISBN

     

    0-412-74040-0

    . Retrieved 9 August 2010.

  28. ^

    a

    b

    “Klimatafel von Dà Nang (Tourane) / Vietnam”

    (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 23 January 2016.

  29. ^

    “Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction”

    (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from

    the original

    (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

  30. ^

    “Typhoon, flood claim 71 lives in central Vietnam”

    . ReliefWeb. Xinhua News Agency. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.

  31. ^

    “Typhoon Xangsane, flood toll reaches 169”

    . ReliefWeb.

    Reuters

    . 5 October 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.

  32. ^

    “Toll rises from Vietnam typhoon”

    . BBC. 2 October 2006.

  33. ^

    “Typhoon Ketsana slams into Vietnam”

    . CNN. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009.

  34. ^

    200 tonnes of rice for Đà Nẵng’s Ketsana victims

    Archived

    2011-09-30 at the

    Wayback Machine

    . Đà Nẵng People’s Committee. 10 June 2009.

  35. ^

    “Vietnam on high alert for earthquakes, tsunamis”

    . 13 March 2011. Archived from

    the original

    on 2011-03-17. Retrieved 16 March 2011.

  36. ^

    [1]

  37. ^

    a

    b

    “General Statistics Office Of Vietnam”

    . www.gso.gov.vn.

  38. ^

    a

    b

    c

    d

    e

    f

    General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

  39. ^

    The data of local administrative subdivisions till 31/12/2008 by Vietnam Statistics General Office

    Archived

    2010-02-01 at the

    Wayback Machine

    .

  40. ^

    The

    Paracel Islands

    are not currently administered by Da Nang city officials; see

    South China Sea dispute

    for more details.

  41. ^

    a

    b

    Danang population

    . Danang People’s Committee.

  42. ^

    a

    b

    calculations based on General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

  43. ^

    a

    b

    c

    Bình Định Statistics Office (2010): Bình Định Statistical Yearbook 2009. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

  44. ^

    a

    b

    c

    d

    e

    f

    g

    h

    General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities, Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi

  45. ^

    Atlat Dia li Viet Nam (Geographical Atlas of Vietnam). NXB Giao Duc, Hanoi: 2010

  46. ^

    “Dự án công nghiệp hàng không Đà Nẵng”

    . BBC Vietnamese. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2011.

  47. ^

    “Đà Nẵng: Coastal real estate market bustling”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2010-08-11. Retrieved 2010-08-13.

  48. ^

    US$250-million for Daphuoc International New Town Project in Đà Nẵng City

  49. ^

    “Daewon breaks ground for first urban area on reclaimed land”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2010-08-13.

  50. ^

    “Da Nang sees significant growth in foreign visitors in 2017”

    . Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.

  51. ^

    “Guide”

    . Viet Nam guide. Retrieved 20 July 2020.

  52. ^

    “AFC Champions League 2010: Schedule & Results”

    . Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 20 June 2010.

  53. ^

    “Ðà Nẵng 4-3 Bình Dương”

    . Asian Football Confederation. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010.

  54. ^

    a

    b

    “English Language Institute, Da Nang”

    .

  55. ^

    “Medical School Website”

    .

  56. ^

    “Dong A University Website”

    .

  57. ^

    “Contact CampusFrance Da Nang”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2018-11-22.

  58. ^

    Altman, Lawrence K. (9 April 1985).

    “Deadly Lung Ailment Has Battlefield Origins”

    . The New York Times.

  59. ^

    “New terminal opens in Da Nang”

    . Viet Nam News. Retrieved 18 December 2011.

  60. ^

    “Malaysian low cost carrier opens new international terminal in December 2011”

    [

    permanent dead link

    ]

  61. ^

    “Vietnam’s longest suspension bridge inaugurated”

    . Danang Investment Promotion Center. 23 July 2009. Archived from

    the original

    on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.

  62. ^

    a

    b

    “Da Nang Port”

    . World Port Source.

  63. ^

    Hai Chau (2007-01-31).

    “Đà Nẵng: more tourists, more worries”

    . VietnamNet. Archived from

    the original

    on 2008-03-28.

  64. ^

    “Seabourn Odyssey Cruise Ship brings 352 visitors to Danang”

    . Danang.gov.vn. 19 March 2010. Archived from

    the original

    on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2010.

  65. ^

    “Marzuki: Hubungan Indonesia-Vietnam Harus Ditingkatkan – Yahoo! News Indonesia”

    .

  66. ^

    a

    b

    c

    d

    e

    f

    g

    h

    i

    j

    k

    l

    m

    n

    o

    p

    q

    r

    s

    t

    “Overseas Relations: Sister cities and prefectures of Danang City”

    . Danang People’s Committee. 2004-01-03. Archived from

    the original

    on 2012-12-24. Retrieved 2012-10-11.

  67. ^

    “Welcome Timișoara’s delegation”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2017-08-20. Retrieved 2016-07-19.

  68. ^

    “Russian and Vietnamesee partnership”

    . Archived from

    the original

    on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-13.

  69. ^

    “Nacionales – Terra Mexico”

    . www.terra.com.mx.

External links[

edit

]

  • Đà Nẵng government portal

  • Geographic data related to

    Da Nang

    at

    OpenStreetMap

Retrieved from “

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Da_Nang&oldid=1027149962

Chuyên mục: Kiến thức

Related Articles

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

Check Also
Close
Back to top button